In-Class Discussion or After-Class Conversation?
If a student voices a white nationalist talking point during class, you may have to decide whether the context is better suited for follow-up class discussion or an individual conversation with the student. In cases where white nationalist arguments have disrupted a classroom, it may be best to devote time to the issue in a subsequent class or to invite a member of the school staff with specialized training to visit the class. Though open discussion may not alter a student’s view, it can be an opportunity for classmates to clarify for themselves why they do not share it. In some cases, the best approach may be to pursue the issue with the student after class, or to refer the student to a member of the school administration who has experience in these types of discussions.
Some claims may be better topics for class discussion than others. For example, class members might be able to discuss the common white nationalist claim that races should have different homelands and not mix, because that claim is framed in a way that seems to grant equal status to all races, although it is actually used by American white nationalists to advocate for white rule in America and the relocation of non-whites. But the very premise of another common white nationalist claim, that people of African descent are of genetically lower intelligence, introduces an unacceptable stigmatizing element in a classroom setting.
In any discussion, it’s best to keep the tone calm. There is no guarantee that even the best approach will persuade a student to reexamine their ideas. But even if all else fails, there is value in disproving a prediction often made to young people recruited by white nationalists: that white nationalist claims will be dismissed because there are no good arguments against them.
Anticipating a Discussion
It can be helpful to think through approaches to discussing common white nationalist claims. For example, white nationalists often summarize the movement in America to encourage racial and ethnic diversity in a single phrase, “diversity is white genocide.” If a student said this in class, a teacher or counselor might pursue the following discussion plan, in a setting outside the classroom:
- Start with asking and listening: Confirm that the student really wants to make this claim.
- Ask the student how they came to believe it was true; learn their source of information.
- Ask the student to clarify what they mean by “diversity.”
- Ask for a clarification of “genocide.”
- Look for weak points in the claim: For example, “genocide” generally involves literal murder. Is that what the student expects? If not, why would the information source use so incendiary a word?
- Probe the basis and logic of the claim: Ask for a clarification of the process by which “genocide” is supposed to occur, and point out the statistical, cultural, and political unlikeliness of this scenario.
- Have the student examine their sources by asking who they are and why the student trusts them.
A second example might pertain to a student who tells an administrator or faculty advisor that because the school sanctions a black student association, it must permit the formation of a white (or European) student association.
- Again, start with asking and listening. Why does the student feel the need for a white student association? Is there a problem they think that such an association would solve?
- Ask whether the student has considered the reasons a black student association was formed. Suggest the student think about whether the motives for forming a white student association are similar.
- Prompt reflection on the history of the black experience in America and how being a member of a racial minority group at school might feel.
As with all kinds of extremism, engagement with white nationalism is usually gradual. The earlier in the process a discussion like this occurs the more likely it is to prompt reexamination of that engagement. Such a discussion might persuade a student who is just “trying on” a white nationalist identity that they don’t want to pursue it further. On the other hand, a student who has built a primary social network around a white nationalist identity may not be open to any form of reexamination. The best that can be done is to take steps to alert school and other local personnel of any risks the student may represent, and to remain watchful for any signs that the student would be open to new discussions.