The increasing role of MMA is documented in Miller-Idriss’s Hate in the Homeland (ch. 4); we also consulted Bryan Schatz, The Terrifying Rise of Alt-Right Fight Clubs and Tess Owen, A White Supremacist Is Organizing Fight Clubs Across the US. Owen’s article describes how “Active Clubs,” white nationalist-sponsored MMA clubs, are being promoted on social media. The leaked confidential communications of a major white nationalist group specify fitness criteria for membership and explicitly promote MMA.
These same leaked conversations repeatedly discuss posting flyers, banner drops, and personal contact as primary recruitment tools that members should employ in fulfilling their active missions.
Kurt Braddock’s Weaponized Words (pp. 74-80) analyzes the functions of narratives in white nationalism. J.M. Berger describes the impact of The Turner Diaries in, Alt History: How a Self-Published, Racist Novel Changed White Nationalism and Inspired Decades of Violence.